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Uzbekistan Travel Guide

uzbekistan travel guide

Uzbekistan is a vibrant and picturesque country located in the heart of Central Asia. It is home to ancient cities such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, and Termez, each hosting historical and architectural monuments from the medieval period, with some dating back over 2000 years. The nature of Uzbekistan is equally fascinating, featuring the Tian Shan mountains, the Kyzylkum Desert, the Ustyurt Plateau, and the shrinking Aral Sea.

This comprehensive Uzbekistan travel guide will assist you in exploring the wonders of this beautiful country, providing insights into its top destinations, cultural treasures, culinary delights, and practical travel tips.

Top Destinations in Uzbekistan


Highlights of Uzbekistan

The most popular tourist destinations in Uzbekistan are the cities along the Great Silk Road: Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva. These cities have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, representing key landmarks along the historic Silk Road.

Top 10 Must-See Places in Uzbekistan:

  1. Samarkand
  2. Khiva
  3. Bukhara
  4. Tashkent
  5. Shakhrisabz
  6. Kokand
  7. Termez
  8. Zomin
  9. Kyzylkum Desert
  10. Fergana Valley


For a tourist, Khiva is primarily the ancient city of Ichan-Kala. It is a true “gateway to the Middle Ages,” and it is no wonder that it was the first in Central Asia to be included in the UNESCO list.

Every building on its streets will amaze, as each has its own, sometimes very interesting, history. There are over a hundred ancient mosques and madrasas, minarets, and mausoleums here.

Those who climb the highest minaret in Khiva, Islam-Khoja, will be rewarded with a panoramic view of the city with its flat clay roofs and narrow streets. 


Samarkand, with a history of over 2,700 years, is a gem in the tourist treasure trove of Uzbekistan, preserving ancient landmarks as an open-air museum. Throughout the centuries, Samarkand inspired writers and conquerors, from Alexander the Great to Genghis Khan. After its destruction by Genghis Khan, the city was revived by Amir Timur (Tamerlane) and made the capital of his empire.


Bukhara is equally enchanting with its beauty. It’s a true Eastern fairy tale, where the kaleidoscope of ancient streets makes it impossible to put down the camera – you feel the urge to capture every building.

With over 400 architectural monuments, Bukhara is considered the largest open-air museum in Central Asia. In 1993, UNESCO included the historic part of Bukhara in the World Heritage List.


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